Cilposte ‘Nook or corner of the posts’

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If ‘poste’ is the plural noun ‘postau’ (posts), ‘Cilposte’ could be interpreted as ‘nook or corner of the posts’.  ‘Cil haul’ is used to describe a place shaded from the sun, and ‘post’ can mean ‘ray of sunlight’.  However, the plural form of ‘post’ in this context is usually ‘pyst’. 

Interesting field names:

Gwaen pwlle (Gwaun pyllau, wet meadow with pools). Current name is Cae Pysgodlyn, fish lake.

Gwaen bron y cwpwl (Gwaun, wet meadow. Bron, breast of hill.  It is possible,  cwpl’  here is ‘yoke of oxen’, i.e. the slope could be ploughed by a pair of oxen .

Cae cwinten now called Cae war tŷ. It is thought that there was a residence called ‘Quintain’ on Ystrad-ffin.   Mrs Bowen, in her poem Ystradffin refers to the sport and offers an explanation,

‘…But the sports of Calangauaf are almost forgotten … The apple and the lamp, is a humble kind of Quintain. It is simply thus,—a post, or stick, about five feet high, is fixed to the floor, with a pivot at the top, on which turns a horizontal stick, equally divided; at one end is an apple, at the other a lighted candle; it is swung briskly round, and while in full motion, the candidate approaches with his hands behind him, and endeavours to catch the apple with his teeth.’1

There is another reference to a Quinton in Cil-y-cwm when a Jenkins Lewis of ‘Quinten’ in Cil-y-cwm is made bankrupt in 1861. 2 ‘Quinten’  is also listed as a residence in the Cil-y-cwm Easter Offerings for 1776.

Cae frwgws (meaning unknown)


1. Melesina Bowen ‘Ystradffin’ a descriptive poem, with an appendix, containing historical and explanatory notes. Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longmans London,  W. Rees Llandovery,  1839

2. Carmarthen Journal, 6 June 1882, P4,C3